The SnS absorber layer in solar cell devices was produced by vapor transport deposition (VTD), which is a low-cost manufacturing method for solar modules. The performance of solar cells consisting of Si/Mo/SnS/ZnO/indium tin oxide (ITO) was limited by the SnS layer's surface texture and field-dependent carrier collection. For improved performance, a fluorine doped tin oxide (FTO) substrate was used in place of the Mo to smooth the topography of the VTD SnS and to make bifacial solar cells, which are potentially useful for multijunction applications. A bifacial SnS solar cell consisting of glass/FTO/SnS/CdS/ZnO/ITO demonstrated front- and back-side power conversion efficiencies of 1.2% and 0.2%, respectively.
Bifacial solar cell with SnS absorber by vapor transport deposition
Artit Wangperawong, Po-Chun Hsu, Yesheng Yee, Steven M. Herron, Bruce M. Clemens, Yi Cui, Stacey F. Bent; Bifacial solar cell with SnS absorber by vapor transport deposition. Appl. Phys. Lett. 27 October 2014; 105 (17): 173904. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4898092
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