In this study, we investigated the photoluminescence (PL) properties of Cu2ZnSnS4 polycrystals. Two PL bands at 1.27 eV and 1.35 eV at T = 10 K were detected. Similar behaviour with temperature and excitation power was found for both PL bands and attributed to the band-to-impurity recombination. Interestingly, the thermal activation energies determined from the temperature dependence of the PL bands coincide. With the support of the Raman results, we propose that the observed PL bands arise from the band-to-impurity-recombination process involving the same deep acceptor defect with ionization energy of around 280 meV but different Cu2ZnSnS4 phase with different bandgap energy.

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