An extraordinary magnetoresistance (EMR) device with a 3-contact geometry has been fabricated and characterized. A large enhancement of the output sensitivity at low magnetic fields compared to the conventional EMR device has been found, which can be attributed to an additional influence coming from the Hall effect. Output sensitivities of 0.19 mV/T at zero-field and 0.2 mV/T at 0.01 T have been measured in the device, which is equivalent to the ones of the conventional EMR sensors with a bias of ∼0.04 T. The exceptional performance of EMR sensors in the high field region is maintained in the 3-contact device.

1.
S. A.
Solin
,
T.
Thio
,
D. R.
Hines
, and
J. J.
Heremans
,
Science
289
,
1530
(
2000
).
2.
J.
Moussa
,
L. R.
Ram-Mohan
,
J.
Sullivan
,
T.
Zhou
,
D. R.
Hines
, and
S. A.
Solin
,
Phys. Rev. B
64
,
184410
(
2001
).
3.
A. C. H.
Rowe
and
S. A.
Solin
,
Phys. Rev. B
71
,
235323
(
2005
).
4.
C. H.
Moller
,
O.
Kronenwerth
,
C.
Heyn
, and
D.
Grundler
,
Appl. Phys. Lett.
84
,
3343
(
2004
).
5.
J.
Moussa
,
L.
Ram-Mohan
,
A.
Rowe
, and
S. A.
Solin
,
J. Appl. Phys.
94
,
1110
(
2003
).
6.
S. A.
Solin
,
D. R.
Hines
,
A.
Rowe
,
J.
Tsai
, and
Y.
Pashkin
,
J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B
21
,
3002
(
2003
).
7.
T.
Zhou
,
D. R.
Hines
, and
S. A.
Solin
,
Appl. Phys. Lett.
78
,
667
(
2001
).
8.
J.
Sun
and
J.
Kosel
,
IEEE Sens. J.
12
,
1356
(
2012
).
9.
J.
Sun
,
S. B.
Patil
,
Y.-A.
Soh
, and
J.
Kosel
,
Appl. Phys. Express
5
,
033002
(
2012
).
10.
M.
Holz
,
O.
Kronenwerth
, and
D.
Grundler
,
Appl. Phys. Lett.
86
,
172513
(
2005
).
11.
T. D.
Boone
,
N.
Smith
,
L.
Folks
,
J. A.
Katine
,
E. E.
Marinero
, and
B. A.
Gurney
,
IEEE Electron Device Lett.
30
,
117
(
2009
).
12.
T. D.
Boone
,
L.
Folks
,
J. A.
Katine
,
S.
Maat
,
E.
Marinero
,
S.
Nicoletti
,
M.
Field
,
G. J.
Sullivan
,
A.
Ikhlassi
,
B.
Brar
, and
B. A.
Gurney
,
IEEE Trans. Mag.
42
,
3270
(
2006
).
You do not currently have access to this content.