We show that graphene films synthesized by chemical-vapor-deposition enables detection of trace amounts of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and ammonia (NH3) in air at room temperature and atmospheric pressure. The gas species are detected by monitoring changes in electrical resistance of the graphene film due to gas adsorption. The sensor response time was inversely proportional to the gas concentration. Heating the film expelled chemisorbed molecules from the graphene surface enabling reversible operation. The detection limits of ∼100 parts-per-billion (ppb) for NO2 and ∼500 ppb for NH3 obtained using our device are markedly superior to commercially available NO2 and NH3 detectors.
High sensitivity detection of NO2 and NH3 in air using chemical vapor deposition grown graphene
Fazel Yavari, Eduardo Castillo, Hemtej Gullapalli, Pulickel M. Ajayan, Nikhil Koratkar; High sensitivity detection of NO2 and NH3 in air using chemical vapor deposition grown graphene. Appl. Phys. Lett. 14 May 2012; 100 (20): 203120. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4720074
Download citation file: