The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is leading a multi-national team to validate the potential of a chloride-based molten-salt system that uses a ternary blend of MgCl2/KCl/NaCl to provide higher temperature thermal energy storage capability, thereby allowing for higher efficiency in the power block of next-generation concentrating solar power systems. While higher thermal stability, greater operating temperature, and a more efficient power cycle are possible, the molten chlorides present several unique challenges, including the design of internal liners to prevent the corrosion and thermal stress of alloy tank shells. This work discusses issues and potential solutions related to containment of molten chloride salt, specifically the design of the molten salt storage tanks.

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