We have constructed a new soft X-ray beamline, namely the Taiwan Photon Source (TPS) 45A NSRRC-MPI beamline, to facilitate submicron angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) experiments with ultra-high energy resolution. The beamline uses an elliptically polarized undulator with 46 mm magnet period (EPU46) that provides photon energies from 280 to l500 eV with horizontal and vertical linear polarization, as well as left and right circular polarization. The vertical focusing mirror (VFM) and the active grating monochromator (AGM) utilize the novel 25-actuator optical surface bender developed for ultra-high resolution soft X-ray spectroscopies. With the surface slope error being reduced down to 0.03 f! ad root-mean-square (rms) by the bender as verified by the long trace profiler (LTP) measurements, the ray-tracing simulation shows that an energy resolution of 5 meV can be achieved at 750 eV photon energy and the beam spot size can each 0.5 μm × 0.4 μm at the sample position. By adjusting only the 6 actuators to control the surface major profile, our preliminary results show that the VFM is able to focus 70% of the photon flux from EPU46 through an entrance slit set at 1.9 ¼m opening. As deduced from the measured ARPES data at the Fermi-level of Au, the energy resolving power of the monochromator was found to reach 34,000 full-width-half-maximum (FWHM) at 850 eV photon energy. By using the in-vacuum LTP measurement system currently under development and all 25 actuators of the surface bender, we anticipate to further reduce greatly the intrinsic and thermal-induced slope errors of the VFM and AGM. It is feasible that the overall ARPES energy resolving power can reach the l40,000 target in the soft X-ray spectral region.
A submicron soft x-ray active grating monochromator beamline for ultra-high resolution angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy
Huang-Ming Tsai, Huang-Wen Fu, Chang-Yang Kuo, Liang-Jen Huang, Chang-Sheng Lee, Chih-Yu Hua, Kai-Yang Kao, Hong-Ji Lin, Hok-Sum Fung, Shih-Chun Chung, Chun-Fu Chang, Ashish Chainani, Liu Hao Tjeng, Chien-Te Chen; A submicron soft x-ray active grating monochromator beamline for ultra-high resolution angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy. AIP Conf. Proc. 15 January 2019; 2054 (1): 060047. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5084678
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