Regenerator models used by designers are macro‐scale models that do not explicitly consider interactions between the fluid and the solid matrix. Rather, the heat transfer coefficient and pressure drop are calculated using correlations for Nusselt number and friction factor. These correlations are typically based on steady flow data. The error associated with using steady flow correlations to characterize the oscillatory flow that is actually present in the regenerator is not well understood. Oscillating flow correlations based on experimental data do exist in the literature; however, these results are often conflicting. This paper uses a micro‐scale computational fluid dynamic (CFD) model of a unit‐cell of a regenerator matrix to determine the conditions for which oscillating flow affects friction factor. These conditions are compared to those found in typical pulse tube regenerators to determine whether oscillatory flow is of practical importance. CFD results clearly show a transition Valensi number beyond which oscillating flow significantly increases the friction factor. This transition Valensi number increases with Reynolds number. Most practical pulse tube regenerators will operate below this Valensi transition number and therefore this study suggests that the effect of flow oscillation on pressure drop can be neglected in macro‐scale regenerator models.
Research Article| April 09 2010
MICRO‐SCALE CFD MODELING OF OSCILLATING FLOW IN A REGENERATOR
M. J. Cheadle;
G. F. Nellis;
AIP Conf. Proc. 1218, 157–164 (2010)
M. J. Cheadle, G. F. Nellis, S. A. Klein; MICRO‐SCALE CFD MODELING OF OSCILLATING FLOW IN A REGENERATOR. AIP Conf. Proc. 9 April 2010; 1218 (1): 157–164. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3422339
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