Path‐integral renormalization group (PIRG) method has been developed for studying strongly correlated electron systems. In a wide range of systems including Hubbard‐type models, this method overcomes a number of difficulties known in the Monte‐Carlo‐type methods such as the negative sign problem. This method has been combined with a procedure of quantum number projection and grand canonical ensemble method as well, which contribute to a wider applicability. The quantum‐number projected PIRG enables calculations of excited spectra with a specified momentum or spin. We review recent numerical results on strongly correlated electron systems studied by this method. By using the methods, we determine the phase diagram of the two‐dimensional Hubbard model in the parameter space of the onsite interaction U, strength of the geometrical frustration effects defined by the ratio between next‐nearest to nearest neighbor transfer integrals, t′/t, and the chemical potential. It reveals severe competitions of various phases. The phase diagram contains a remarkable nonmagnetic Mott insulator phase with gapless and dispersionless spin excitations, sandwitched by the first‐order Mott transition and the antiferromagnetic transition. The first‐order character becomes more continuous one with increasing the frustration effect.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.