Today, opportunities for the physicist lie largely off‐campus. Less than one physicist in two is now employed by an educational institution; one in three is working in a ’’nontraditional’’ capacity. This migration of physicists into nonacademic positions is expected to increase in the future. This paper looks at the various options for physicists in the Federal Government—the Nation’s single largest employer of scientists and engineers. Typical careers in the various types of Federal agencies are described. The increasing need for scientists with breadth of perspective in policy analysis and decision making is discussed. Opportunities and means of entry into such nontraditional careers are explored; strategies fro individuals interested in non‐academic careers are outlined.

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