Higher efficiency of freight transportation can be achieved through the use of a hopper-type container. This paper presents the results of determining the dynamic loading for a container placed on a flat car during shunting impact. It was found that the maximum accelerations to a container in the longitudinal direction were 36.7 m/s2 (3.7g). The value of acceleration obtained was included in the strength calculation for the container. The maximum equivalent stresses of a container were concentrated in the areas where the bottom side rail interacted with the fittings; they were 315.1 MPa, thus they did not exceed the allowable values. The paper presents the results of the strength calculation for a container in the process of stacking. The maximum equivalent stresses in this scheme of loading were 245.3 MPa, which is lower than the allowable values. The authors suggest a lift-off roof on the container for transportation of freight requiring weather protection. The results of the strength calculation for the roof under the longitudinal loads demonstrated that the maximum equivalent stresses in it were 50.2 MPa, which is considerably lower than the allowable values. The research will be valuable for those who develop advanced container structures with better operational efficiency intended for container transportation.

1.
A. K. C.
Beresford
,
R.
Banomyong
and
S.
Pettit
, “
A critical review of a holistic model used for assessing multimodal transport systems
”,
Logistics
5
, (
2021
).
2.
O.-P.
Hilmola
,
W.
Li
and
Y.
Panova
, “
Development Status and Future Trends for Eurasian Container Land Bridge Transport
”,
Logistics
5
, (
2021
).
3.
Arkadiusz
Rzeczycki
and
Bogusz
Wisnicki
, “
Strength analysis of shipping container floor with gooseneck tunnel under heavy cargo load
”,
Solid State Phenomena
252
, pp.
81
90
(
2016
).
4.
K.
Giriunas
,
H.
Sezen
and
R. B.
Dupaix
, “
Evaluation, modeling, and analysis of shipping container building structures
”,
Eng. Structures
43
, pp.
48
57
(
2012
).
5.
N. N.
Ibragimov
,
R. V.
Rakhimov
and
M. A.
Khadzhimukhamedova
, “
Development of the design of a container for the transportation of fruits and vegetables
”,
Young Scientist
21
(
101
), pp.
168
173
(
2015
), (in Russian).
6.
S.
Tiernan
and
M.
Fahy
, “
Dynamic FEA modelling of ISO tank containers
”,
Journal of Materials Processing Technology
124
(
1-2
), pp.
126
132
(
2002
).
7.
O.
Chuan-jin
and
L.
Bing-tao
, “
Research and application of new multimodal transport equipment-swap bodies in China
”,
E3S Web of Conferences
145
,
02001
(
2020
).
8.
D. V.
Mishuta
,
V. B.
Algin
and
V. G.
Mikhailov
, “
Assessment of the stress-strain state of a body-container of variable volume
”,
Bulletin of the Belarusian-Russian University
4
(
37
), pp.
61
68
(
2012
), (in Russian).
9.
A.
Lovska
,
O.
Fomin
,
V.
Pistek
and
P.
Kucera
, “
Dynamic load modelling within combined transport trains during transportation on a railway ferry
”,
Applied Sciences
10
(
16
),
5710
(
2020
).
10.
O.
Fomin
,
J.
Gerlici
,
G.
Vatulia
,
A.
Lovska
and
K.
Kravchenko
, “
Determination of the loading of a flat rack container during operating modes
”,
Applied Sciences
11
,
7623
(
2021
).
11.
G. I.
Bogomaz
,
D. D.
Mekhov
,
O. P.
Pilipchenko
and
Yu. G.
Chernomashentseva
, “
Loading of tank-containers located on a railway platform during impacts on the coupler
”,
in Collection of Scientific Works “Dynamics and Control оf Motion оf Mechanical Systems”
, pp.
87
95
(
1992
), (in Russian).
12.
A.
Lovska
,
O.
Fomin
,
V.
Pistek
and
P.
Kucera
, “
Calculation of loads on carrying structures of articulated circular-tube wagons equipped with new draft gear concepts
”,
Applied Sciences
10
(
21
),
7441
(
2020
).
13.
O.
Plakhtii
and
V.
Nerubatskyi
, “
Analyses of energy efficiency of interleaving in active voltage-source rectifier
”,
IEEE 3rd Int. Conf. on Intelligent Energy and Power Systems (IEPS)
, pp.
253
258
(
2018
).
14.
Plakhtii
O.
,
Nerubatskyi
V.
,
Mashura
A.
and
Hordiienko
D.
, “
The analysis of mathematical models of charge-discharge characteristics in lithium-ion batteries
”,
IEEE 40th International Conference on Electronics and Nanotechnology (ELNANO)
, pp.
635
640
(
2020
).
15.
V. V.
Kosmin
,
Fundamentals of Scientific Research: Textbook
(
Educational and Methodological Center for Education in Railway Transport
,
Moskow
,
2007
), pp.
112
118
, (in Russian).
16.
D. V.
Kiryanov
,
Mathcad 13
(
BHV-Petersburg
,
St. Petersburg
,
2006
), pp.
345
354
, (in Russian).
17.
K.
Lee
,
Fundamentals of CAD (CAD / CAM / CAE)
(
Piter
,
St. Petersburg
,
2004
), pp.
348
357
, (in Russian).
18.
S.
Tikoo
,
Effective Work SolidWorks 2005. Official Guide
(
Piter
,
St. Petersburg
,
2006
), pp.
435
272
, (in Russian).
19.
R.
Gallagher
,
Finite element method. Basics
(
Mir
,
Moscow
,
1984
), pp.
234
245
, (in Russian).
20.
A. A.
Alyamovsky
,
COSMOSWorks. Fundamentals of Structural Analysis in the SolidWorks Environment
(
DMK
,
Moscow
,
2010
), pp.
125
137
, (in Russian).
21.
A. A.
Alyamovsky
,
SolidWorks/COSMOSWorks 2006-2007. Engineering Analysis by the Finite Element Method
(
DMK
,
Moscow
2007
), pp.
234
245
, (in Russian).
22.
G. L.
Vatulia
,
D. H.
Petrenko
and
M. A.
Novikova
, “
Experimental estimation of load-carrying capacity of circular, square and rectangular CFTS columns
”,
Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu
6
, pp.
97
102
(
2017
).
23.
G.
Vatulia
,
A.
Lobiak
and
Y.
Orel
, “
Simulation of performance of circular CFST columns under short-time and long-time load
”,
MATEC Web of Conferences
116
,
02036
(
2017
).
24.
A.
Kondratiev
, “
Improving the mass efficiency of a composite launch vehicle head fairing with a sandwich structure
”,
Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies
6,
7
(
102
), pp.
6
18
(
2019
).
25.
R.
Sepe
and
A.
Pozzi
, “
Static and modal numerical analyses for the roof structure of a railway freight refrigerated car
”,
Frattura ed Integrità Strutturale
9
(
33
), pp.
451
462
(
2015
).
26.
DSTU 7598: 2014,
Freight Cars. General Requirements for Calculations and Design of New and Modernized Cars of 1520 mm Track (non-self-propelled)
(
2015
), pp.
154
185
, (in Ukrainian).
27.
Norms for the Calculation and Design of Railroad Cars of the Ministry of Railways with a Gauge of 1520 mm (non-self-propelled)
, (
GosNIIV-VNIIZhT
,
Moscow
,
1996
), pp.
42
57
, (in Russian).
28.
DSTU ISO 1496-1:2013,
Vantage Containers Series 1. Technical Support and Testing Methods. Part 1. Containers of Global Recognition Universal
(
Ministry of Economy and Development of Ukraine
,
Kyiv
,
2014
), pp.
15
24
, (in Ukrainian).
This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.