Solving the problems of stabilizing polymers is a complex and multifaceted task. Exposure to sunlight and other adverse environmental influences activates various transformations in the polymer, leading to the formation of radicals that cause various types of destruction and degradation. Theoretical and practical developments have shown that light absorption largely depends on the structure of the polymer. It is possible to protect the polymer from aging by changing its physical structure: mechanical action, heat treatment, the addition of special adsorbers (additives - structure formers). This particular article covers various types of degradation processes taking place in the polymeric materials (PM). The focus is made on influence of light (visible and UV), however, other types of exposures are touched upon as well. Types of chemical reactions occurring during light-induced degradation (photolysis) are briefly discussed. The list of available photo stabilizers (substances reducing the negative effects of solar radiation) is provided, their properties are described.

1.
V. N.
Kuleznev
and
V. A.
Shershnev
,
Chemistry and physics of polymers
(
KolosS
,
Moscow
,
2007
).
2.
N. M.
Emanuel
,
G. E.
Zaikov
and
V. A.
Kritsman
,
Chemical kinetics and chain reactions
(
Nauka
,
Moscow
,
1989
).
3.
P.
Kaspar
,
D.
Sobola
,
K.
Částková
,
R.
Dallaev
,
E.
Šťastná
,
P.
Sedlák
,
A.
Knápek
,
T.
Trčka
and
V.
Holcman
,
Materials
14
(
6
),
1428
(
2021
).
4.
A.
Knápek
,
D.
Sobola
,
D.
Burda
,
A.
Daňhel
,
M.
Mousa
,
V.
Kolařík
,
Nanomaterials
9
(
2019
).
5.
M. R.
Pavlov
,
E. V.
Nikolaev
,
N. P.
Andreeva
and
S. L.
Barbotko
,
Proceedings of VIAMNo
7
(
43
) (
2016
).
6.
F.
Orudzhev
,
S.
Ramazanov
,
D.
Sobola
,
P.
Kaspar
,
T.
Trčka
,
K.
Částková
,
J.
Kastyl
,
I.
Zvereva
,
C.
Wang
,
D.
Selimov
et al,
Nano Energy
90
,
106586
(
2021
).
7.
S.
Ramazanov
,
D.
Sobola
,
Ş.
Ţălu
,
F.
Orudzev
,
A.
Arman
,
P.
Kaspar
,
R.
Dallaev
and
G.
Ramazanov
,
Microsc. Res. Tech.
(
2021
).
8.
N.
Papež
,
T.
Pisarenko
,
E.
Ščasnovič
,
D.
Sobola
,
Ş.
Ţălu
,
R.
Dallaev
,
K.
Částková
and
P.
Sedlák
Coatings
12
(
10
),
1429
(
2022
).
9.
G. E.
Zaikov
,
S. D.
Razumovsky
,
A. M.
Kochnev
,
O. V.
Stoyanov
,
V. F.
Shkodich
and
S. V.
Naumov
,
Bulletin of the Kazan Technological University
6
(
2012
).
10.
V. N.
Salimgareeva
and
S. V.
Kolesov
,
Izvestiya VUZov. Chemistry and chemical technology
7
(
2007
).
11.
H.
Kaczmarek
and
D.
Oldak
,
Polymer Degrad. аnd Stab.
91
,
2282
(
2006
).
12.
V. V.
Ershov
,
Spatially hindered phenols
(
Chemistry
,
Moscow
,
1972
).
13.
E. G.
Rozantsev
and
M. D.
Goldfeinb
,
Oxidation Communications
3
(
32
),
485
506
(
2009
).
14.
B. N.
Gorbunov
,
Ya. A.
Gurvich
and
I.P.
Maslova
(
Chemistry
,
Moscow
,
1981
).
15.
N. M.
Emanuel
,
G. E.
Zaikov
and
V. A.
Kritsman
,
Chemical kinetics and chain reactions
(
Nauka
,
Moscow
,
1989
).
16.
V. N.
Kuleznov
and
O. B.
Ushakova
,
Structure and mechanical properties of polymers (MITKhT
,
2006
).
17.
T. A.
Kuchmenko
,
V. I.
Korchagin
,
E. V.
Drozdova
,
N. V.
Erofeeva
and
A. V.
Protasov
,
Bulletin of the Moscow University
2
(
5
) (
2017
).
18.
L. S.
Koretskaya
,
Weather resistance of polymeric materials. Minsk: science and techonology
(
1993
).
19.
V. Ya.
Shlyapintokh
,
Photochemical Conversion and Stabilization of Polymers
(
University of Toronto
,
Toronto
,
1984
).
20.
J. R.
Foussarier
,
Photoinitiations, Photopolymerization and Photocuring. Fundamentals and Applications
(
Univ. Press
,
Haute-Alsace
,
1995
).
21.
P.
Kaspar
,
D.
Sobola
,
K.
Částková
,
R.
Dallaev
,
E.
Šťastná
,
P.
Sedlák
,
A.
Knápek
,
T.
Trčka
and
V.
Holcman
Materials
14
(
6
) (
2021
).
22.
P.
Kaspar
,
D.
Sobola
,
K.
Částková
,
A.
Knápek
,
D.
Burda
,
F.
Orudzhev
,
R.
Dallaev
,
P.
Tofel
,
T.
Trčka
,
L.
Grmela
, and
Z.
Hadaš
,
Polymers
12
(
12
),
1
15
(
2020
).
23.
D.
Sobola
,
P.
Kaspar
,
K.
Částková
,
R.
Dallaev
,
N.
Papež
,
P.
Sedlák
,
T.
Trčka
,
F.
Orudzhev
,
J.
Kaštyl
,
A.
Weiser
,
A.
Knápek
and
V.
Holcman
,
Polymers
13
(
15
) (
2021
).
24.
B. N.
Gorbunov
,
Ya. A.
Gurvich
and
I. P.
Maslova
,
Chemistry and technology of stabilizers of polymeric materials
(
Chemistry
,
Moscow
,
1981
).
25.
V. P.
Arkhireev
,
Aging and stabilization of polymers
(
Nauka
,
Moscow
,
1984
).
26.
N. A.
Plate
,
Macromolecular reactions in melts and polymer mixtures.
27.
A. V.
Kuchin
and
I. Yu.
Chukicheva
,
Bulletin of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences
3
(
37
),
43
57
(
2011
).
28.
A. K.
Mikitaev
and
G. E.
Zaikov
,
New in polymers and polymer composites
1
,
6
8
(
2010
).
29.
D.
Severin
,
Polymers-money
5
,
15
17
(
2012
).
30.
L. S.
Pinchuk
,
L. S.
Koretskaya
,
A. G.
Kravtsov
,
V. A.
Shapovalov
,
T. I.
Alexandrova
and
V. A.
Goldade
,
VMS
B
(
2
) (
2003
).
31.
A. P.
Tyutchev
,
A. V.
Vannikov
,
G. S.
Mingaleev
and
V. S.
Saenko
,
Electrical phenomena during irradiation of polymers
(
Energoatomizdat
,
Moscow
,
1985
).
32.
I. Yu.
Zhukova
,
I. I.
Kashparov
,
S. V.
Kucherenko
and
E. Sh.
Kagan
,
Advanced Engineering Research
2
(
2019
).
33.
V. N.
Kuleznev
and
V.A.
Shershnev
,
Chemistry and physics of polymers
(
KolosS
,
2007
).
34.
P.
Sedlak
,
D.
Sobola
,
A.
Gajdos
,
R.
Dallaev
,
A.
Nebojsa
and
P.
Kubersky
,
Polymers
13
(
16
) (
2021
).
35.
T.
Smejkalová
,
Ş.
Ţǎlu
,
R.
Dallaev
,
K.
Částková
,
D.
Sobola
and
A.
Nazarov
, “
SEM imaging and XPS characterization of doped PVDF fibers
”, in
E3S Web of Conferences 270
(
2021
).
36.
A.
Knápek
,
R.
Dallaev
,
D.
Burda
,
D.
Sobola
,
M. M.
Allaham
,
M.
Horáček
,
P.
Kaspar
,
M.
Matějka
and
M. S.
Mousa
,
Nanomaterials
10
,
1294
(
2020
).
37.
E.
Yousif
and
R.
Haddad
,
Photodegradation and photostabilization of polymers, especially polystyrene: review
(
2013
).
This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.