Foodborne diseases are affecting an increasing number of Malaysian due to the lacking of food safety and food hygiene awareness in their daily lives. Hence, this study is aimed to examine the relationship between food safety knowledge and food safety attitudes as well as to determine the relationship between food hygiene knowledge and food hygiene practices among Malaysian university students. Meanwhile, this research is also aimed to evaluate the barriers to food safety and food hygiene practices faced by Malaysian university students. This research involved 209 Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM) students from the Faculty of Technology Management and Business (FPTP) who take the course of technology production and operation management. This study used the quantitative approach by distributing the set of questionnaires to the respondents. The results of the study revealed that there was a weak positive relationship between food safety knowledge and food safety attitudes among UTHM students while there was a moderate positive relationship between food hygiene knowledge and food hygiene practices among UTHM students. Besides, the research also discovered that the difficulty to change the long-established behavior was the main obstacle in practicing food safety and food hygiene practices. This study is important in raising the awareness of the students as well as authorities in UTHM from the perspective of food safety and food hygiene practices.

1.
C. Y.
New
,
A.
Ubong
,
J. M. K. J. K.
Premarathne
,
T. Y.
Thung
,
E.
Lee
,
W. S.
Chang
,
Y. Y.
Loo
,
S. Y.
Kwan
,
C. W.
Tan
,
C. H.
Kuan
and
R.
Son
.
Microbiological food safety in Malaysia from the academician’s perspective
.
Food Res.
1
(
6
),
183
202
(
2017
).
2.
M.
Tomaszewska
,
J.
Trafiale
,
P.
Suebpongsang
and
W.
Kolanowski
.
Food Hygiene Knowledge and Practice of Consumers in Poland and in Thailand - A survey
.
Food Control.
85
,
76
84
(
2017
).
3.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
.
Foodborne disease
.
United State
:
National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse
(
2012
).
4.
Compendium of Environment Statistics
.
Department of Statistics Malaysia Press Release
.
Malaysia
:
Department of Statistics Malaysia
(
2016
).
5.
D.
Stratev
,
O. A.
Odeyemi
,
A.
Pavlov
,
R.
Kyuchukova
,
F.
Fatehi
and
F. A.
Bamidele
.
Food Safety Knowledge and Hygiene Practices among Veterinary Medicine Students at Trakia University, Bulgaria
.
J. Infect. Public Health.
10
,
778
782
(
2017
).
6.
C. M.
Angolo
.
Food Safety Knowledge, Beliefs and Self-reported Handling Practices of International College Students at a Midwestern University.
Kansas State University
: Master’s Thesis (
2011
).
7.
S.
Santacruz
.
What is Food Safety?
(
2016
). Retrieved from https://www.foodsafety.com.au/resources/articles/what-is-food-safety
8.
J. E.
Oghenekohwo
.
Pattern of Food Hygiene and Environmental Health Practices among Food Vendors in Niger Delta University
.
Eur. J. Food Sci. Technol.
3
(
1
),
24
40
(
2015
).
9.
L. M.
Moy
,
A. A.
Alias
,
R.
Jani
,
H. A.
Halim
and
W. Y.
Low
.
Determinants of Self-reported Food Safety Practices among Youths: A Cross-sectional Online Study in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
.
Br. Food J.
1
19
(
2018
).
11.
Food Standards Australia New Zealand
.
Food Safety: Skills and Knowledge for Food Businesses
.
Australia
:
Canberra BC
(
2002
).
12.
N.
Sanlier
and
E.
Konaklioglu
.
Food Safety Knowledge, Attitude and Food Handling Practices of Students
.
Br. Food J.
114
(
4
),
469
480
(
2012
).
13.
L. M.
Roberts
and
M.
Deery
.
Trends in Food Safety Management in Victoria, Australia
.
Int. J. Int. J. Contemp. Hosp. Manag.
16
(
3
),
151
158
(
2004
).
14.
R.
Booth
,
M.
Hernandez
,
E. L.
Baker
,
T.
Grajales
and
P.
Pribis
.
Food Safety Attitudes in College Students: A Structural Equation Modeling Analysis of a Conceptual Model
.
Nutrients J.
5
(
2
),
328
339
(
2013
).
15.
E. C.
Redmond
and
C. J.
Griffith
.
Consumer Food Handling in the Home: A Review of Food Safety Studies
.
J. Food Prot.
66
(
1
),
30
161
(
2003
).
16.
M. A.
Wandolo
.
Food Safety And Hygiene Practices: A Comparative Study Of Selected Technical And Vocational Education And Training And University Hospitality Schools In Kenya.
Kenyatta University
: Degree’s Thesis (
2016
).
17.
Food Standards Australia New Zealand
.
Food Handling Skills and Knowledge
(n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.foodstandards.gov.au/consumer/safety/faqsafety/pages/foodsafetyfactsheets/foodhandlingskillsan99.aspx
18.
E.
Chipabika
.
An Assessment of Food Hygiene Practices Among Food Handlers in Restaurants In Kabwe Urban District.
University of Zambia
: Degree’s Thesis (
2014
).
19.
L.
Sharif
,
M. M.
Obaidat
,
M. R. A.
Dalalah
.
Food Hygiene Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of the Food Handlers in the Military Hospitals
.
Food Nutr. Sci.
4
,
245
251
(
2013
).
20.
A. C.
Iwu
,
K. A.
Uwakwe
,
C. B.
Duru
,
K. C.
Diwe
,
H. N.
Chineke
,
I. A.
Merenu
,
U. R.
Oluoha
,
U. C.
Madubueze
,
E.
Ndukwu
and
I.
Ohale
.
Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Food Hygiene among Food Vendors in Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria
.
Occup. Diseases Environ. Med.
5
(
1
),
11
25
(
2017
).
21.
D. M.
Rennie
.
Evaluation of Food Hygiene Education
.
Br. Food J.
96
(
11
),
20
25
(
1994
).
22.
N. S. A.
Teh
,
M. R. A.
Hamid
,
U. M. M.
Asmawi
and
N. M.
Nor
.
Food Hygiene’s Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices between Urban and Suburban Adolescents
.
Procedia Soc. Behav. Sci.
234
,
36
44
(
2016
).
23.
M.
Golan
and
S.
Crow
, S.
Targeting Parents Exclusively in the Treatment of Childhood Obesity: Long-term Results
.
Obes. Res.
12
(
2
),
357
361
(
2004
).
24.
E.
Walker
,
C.
Pritchard
and
S.
Forsythe
, S.
Food Handlers’ Hygiene Knowledge in Small Food Businesses
.
Food Control.
14
(
5
),
339
343
(
2003
).
25.
G. A.
Annor
and
E. A.
Baiden
.
Evaluation of Food Hygiene Knowledge Attitudes and Practices of Food Handlers in Food Businesses in Accra, Ghana
.
Food Nutr. Sci.
2
(
8
),
830
836
(
2011
).
26.
M.
Githiri
,
J.
Kimiywe
, and
P.
Okeme
.
Knowledge in Food Hygiene and Hygienic Practices Differ-in Food Handlers at a Hospital in Nairobi, Kenya
.
Afr. J. Food Sci.
4
(
1
),
19
24
(
2013
).
27.
M.
Bas
,
A. S.
Ersun
, and
G.
Kivanc
.
The Evaluation of Food Hygiene Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices of Food Handlers’ in Food Businesses in Turkey Murat
.
Food Control.
17
(
4
),
317
322
(
2006
).
28.
J.
Etim
.
Food hygiene: Importance of Food Hygiene/SafetyPpractices
(
2017
). Retrieved on from http://www.jotscroll.com/forums/15/posts/100/food-hygiene-food-safety-regulation-and-protection.html
29.
World Health Organization
.
Food Safety
(
2017
). Retrieved on October 31, 2017, from http://www.who.int/en/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/food-safety
30.
E.
Langiano
,
M.
Ferrara
,
L.
Lanni
,
V.
Viscardi
,
A. M.
Abbatecola
and
E.
De Vito
.
Food Safety at Home: Knowledge and Practices of Consumers
.
J. Public Health.
20
,
47
57
(
2012
).
31.
M. J.
Trepka
,
V.
Murunga
,
S.
Cherry
,
F. G.
Huffman
and
Z.
Dixon
.
Food Safety Beliefs and Barriers to Safe Food Handling among WIC Program Clients, Miami, Florida
.
J. Nutr. Educ. Behav.
38
(
6
),
371
377
(
2006
).
32.
A.
Saleem
,
S.
Tabusum
and
M. S.
Batcha
.
Holistic Approach of Research Work
.
Int. J. Sci. Res. Publ.
4
(
7
),
1
7
(
2014
).
33.
W. L.
Neuman
.
Understanding Research
.
United States, America
:
Pearson Education Limited
(
2014
).
34.
R. V.
Krejcie
and
D. W.
Morgan
.
Determining Sample Size for Research Activities
.
Educ. Psychol. Meas.
30
,
607
610
(
1970
).
35.
D.
George
and
P.
Mallery
.
SPSS for Windows Step by Step: A Simple Guide and REFERENCE Answers to Selected Exercises.
Boston
:
Align & Bacon
(
2003
).
36.
A.
Rubin
.
Statistics for Evidence-based Practice and Evaluation (2nd ed.)
.
Belmont, Calif
.:
Brooks/Cole
(
2010
).
37.
A.
Bryman
and
D.
Cramer
.
Quantitative Data Analysis with SPSS 14
.
New York
.
Psychology Press
(
2005
).
38.
N. A.
Sani
and
O. N.
Siow
.
Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of Food Handlers on Food Safety in Food Service Operations at the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
.
Food Control.
37
,
210
217
(
2014
).
39.
J. E.
Ehiri
,
G. P.
Morris
and
J.
McEwen
.
Evaluation of a Food Hygiene Training Course in Scotland
.
Food Control.
8
(
3
),
37
147
(
1997
).
40.
I.
Ajzen
.
Nature and Operation of Attitudes
.
Annu. Rev. Psychol.
52
(
1
),
27
58
(
2001
).
41.
D. S.
Dajaan
,
H. O.
Addo
,
O.
Luke
,
A.
Eugenia
,
A.
Amshawu
and
N. A.
Kwasi
.
Food Hygiene Awareness and Environmental Practices among Food Vendors in Basic Schools at Kintampo Township, Ghana
.
Food Public Health.
8
(
1
),
13
20
(
2018
).
42.
E. J.
Dun-Derry
and
H. O.
Addo
, H. O. (
2016
).
Food Hygiene Awareness, Processing and Practice among Street Food Vendors in Ghana
.
Food Public Health.
6
(
3
),
65
74
(2016).
43.
K.
Landell
.
Management by Menu.
London
:
Wiley and Sons Inc
(
1997
).
This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.