Although the World Health Organization (WHO) and psychologists warned architects, some colleagues insist on designing apartment houses with the traditional space organization. Despite the evident environmental problems, natural air conditioning, in other words thermal comfort and human psychology, are not taken into consideration at all. It is far from sustainable architecture to produce more than necessary and low-cost flats on the land used. Such approaches cannot be called “Modern Architecture” or “Contemporary Architecture”. One of the most important reasons for this is that if people do not feel a sense of belonging to the house they live in or even the workplace they work in, their psychology deteriorates and this fact has been accepted by the science of psychology. It is natural that people who have psychological problems are likely to have other health problems and also social and societal deteriarotion. WHO is also pointing out this issue. Social and societal life of people is deteriorating, this is the cause of alienation and increase in crime rates. During the Pandemic Process we live in today, people of all ages are not obeying the “stay at home, stay healthy” warnings and other prohibitions imposed by the medical community, this is due to the fact that people do not feel a sense of belonging to the house they live in. The duty of us, modern architects, as psychologists reveal, is to design our projects in order to create more livable environments, and without ignoring the fact that interpersonal relationships are shaped according to the environments they are in, Architects should refer to cognitive sciences, especially psychology to create projects. We should especially pay attention to apartment-type residences where more than one family live in. In this article, two examples, one positive and the other negative, are discussed as field work for a better understanding of Psychological Architecture. The first example is the Pruitt-Igoe site in the city of St. Louis in USA in 1955 without considering human psychology and was demolished only 16 years after its construction and whose destruction was evaluated as “the day the modern architecture died” by the post-modern architectural historian Charles Jencks. The second comparative example is the Samanbahce houses in Nicosia, the capital of Cyprus, made of adobe brick, a traditional building material for families with insufficient financial means. The gross area of these houses is 85 m2, their net area is 64.90 m2, but the closed area is only 42.90 m2, while the open area is 22.00 m2 courtyard. Considering natural air conditioning, thermal comfort and human psychology, Samanbahçe houses, whose first stage construction was completed in 1925 and are still in use, were taken as an example.
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Research Article| November 15 2022
AIP Conf. Proc. 2574, 100003 (2022)
Turgay Salihoglu; Architecture psychology. AIP Conf. Proc. 15 November 2022; 2574 (1): 100003. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0111122
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