The paper reveals some answers pertaining to the relationships between the economic aspect and conservation activities in Kuala Lumpur. The main aim of this research is to determine if there is correlation between economic growths with the conservation of historical buildings in Kuala Lumpur. In addition, this research is also undertaken to determine the locations and types of conservation projects proposed in the city in relation to economic aspect. Specifically, it covers the locations and types of conservation and redevelopment of historical buildings in Kuala Lumpur from 1993 until 2007, a period that spans two economic growth cycles of the Malaysian economy. The research has been focused on the old parts of the Kuala Lumpur city centre as outlined in the ‘Garispanduan Pengekalan Bangunan Di Dalam Kawasan Pusat Bandar Kuala Lumpur’ published by the Kuala Lumpur City Hall in 1996. These parts of the city cover among others areas along Jalan Petaling, Jalan Tun HS Lee, Jalan Tuanku Abdul Rahman, Jalan Sultan, Jalan Tun Perak and Jalan Ipoh. The numerical data collected has been analysed using descriptive statistics. A correlation between the economic growth data with the number and estimated costs of the conservation and redevelopment projects is then identified through graphic comparison and scatter plot diagram. The strength of the relationship is measured by the coefficient of correlation. Sources that have been used to identify the possible reasons that could explain the correlation have also been analysed. The research has produced a few findings. Firstly, there is a correlation between economic growth and the conservation of historical buildings in the areas of study in Kuala Lumpur. This finding suggests that economic expansion and contraction have had certain influence on the conservation of historical buildings there. However, through charts comparison, scatter plot diagram and correlation coefficient, it could be concluded that the correlation is a weak one. As a result, it is difficult for the finding to be used as the general indicator applicable to other areas in the city, let alone the country. In addition, this finding is only applicable to the areas of study within the period of 1993 until 2007. Secondly, the research has also identified that a negative economic growth would hamper the conservation of historical buildings there. However, the relationship is also weak thus could be explored more in future research undertakings. Finally, another significant finding is that all of the conservation works proposed are driven by the private sector.
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Research Article| November 15 2022
Conservation of historical buildings in Kuala Lumpur: The economic analysis
Mohd Hayazi Agusi;
AIP Conf. Proc. 2574, 050003 (2022)
Mohd Hayazi Agusi, Sumarni Ismail; Conservation of historical buildings in Kuala Lumpur: The economic analysis. AIP Conf. Proc. 15 November 2022; 2574 (1): 050003. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0119382
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