The problem of providing transport services for remote agricultural areas of Russia and other countries is discussed in the article. Its two-side solution is offered by building roads of different categories and by developing suitably advanced off-road vehicles. The article includes description and comparing the cheap roads with ground coating and the high quality, but expensive, roads with asphalt covering. The funds saved through the construction of cheap roads should be used for the development and large-scale production of advanced off-road vehicles that can provide high-quality transportation of passengers and cargo, even by roads with certain defects. Currently the research and development of off-road vehicles is implemented mainly by some small enterprises in the mode of small-scale production without the involvement of fundamental science and without the support of the state budget. Only Ministry of Defense provides the support for creation of military off-roads, but such military vehicles are different from the civil market requirements. It is necessary to join the efforts of enthusiasts in different cities and provide them with material and financial support at the expense of the state, bearing in mind the greater funds saved in the construction of roads. The following off-road vehicles are considered as the objects of significant improvement and science-intensive design: airboats, all-terrain vehicles with low pressure tires, ekranoplanes (Wing-in-Ground effect craft), and some other off-road vehicles. Organization of their large-scale innovative production and testing in different regions is necessary.

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