In recent times, increased consumption of fossil fuels due to overpopulation, increasing energy demand have resulted in global warming and climate changes due to the emission of greenhouse gases from these fuels. To compensate for the requirement of fossil fuel, renewable biofuels especially, biodiesel are preferred for satisfying the energy demand. Since biodiesel from edible feedstocks is deemed against "food vs. fuel" policies, first-generation biofuels are not regarded as suitable and sustainable, inspite of growing energy demand. Following this, Second generation biodiesel production from lingo-cellulosic-based feedstocks is the least recommended because of their meticulous procedures and high capital investments. Considering these setbacks, edible feedstocks have been replaced with microbial feedstocks, which are later on used for extracting oil and then transesterified into biodiesel. Even though biodiesel from microbes have their setbacks, they are widely appreciated due to their merits which include short life span, ability to grow on multiple environments and ability to remediate different polluted environmental conditions. Presently, this paper focuses on summarizing the production of biodiesel from various microbial species.
A review on recent trends in the microbial production of biodiesel
P. Shalini, L. Anantha Raman, S. Santhanakrishnan, S. Vijayalakshmi, J. Ranjitha; A review on recent trends in the microbial production of biodiesel. AIP Conf. Proc. 28 September 2021; 2396 (1): 020007. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0066418
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