An analytical model of electromigration and stress affected kinetics of a chemical reaction is investigated based on the notion of the chemical affinity tensor within the small strain approximation. Effects of stresses are accounted for through their influence on the chemical affinity tensor on which the reaction front velocity depends. Electromigration is considered as an additional summand in the total flux of the diffusive constituents. The Mean-Time-To-Failure (MTTF) is estimated based on Black's equation. Then the critical thickness of the IMC layer is calculated and a dimensionless parameter, which characterizes the accumulation of vacancies due to electromigration enhanced diffusion is proposed.
Electromigration and stress affected kinetics of IMC growth of binary Cu-Sn couple
Vladislav Shtegman, Aleksandr Morozov, Alexander Freidin, Wolfgang H. Müller; Electromigration and stress affected kinetics of IMC growth of binary Cu-Sn couple. AIP Conf. Proc. 13 July 2021; 2371 (1): 030007. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0059609
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