Zerbattiya is one of the remote areas in Iraq that have retained their old generation stations and networks despite their expansion. As the rehabilitation of these stations and networks is extremely costly, supplying renewable energy sources to these regions is reasonable. The problem in Zerbattiya is that electricity supply comprises 75% of the total energy load. In this regard, we propose the use of a hybrid system using renewable energy with the national grid as a means of compensating for power supply shortage. The proposed system composed of grid, wind turbines, solar panels, converters, batteries, and auxiliary tools. The most optimal system configuration was determined with HOMER. Meanwhile, the average life expectancy of the proposed system is 20 years. Three on-grid scenarios were considered for power generation. The most suitable system was determined in WT-grid hybrid systems. The results showed that the NWT, NBT, Nconv, COE, NPC, Operating cost, and IC are 61, 4, 12, 0.0349 US$/KWh, US$1.32 million, 23,982 US$/year, and US$1.05 million respectively.

1.
A.
Demiroren
and
U.
Yilmaz
,
Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev.
14
,
323
333
(
2010
).
2.
C.
Li
,
D.
Zhou
,
H.
Wang
,
H.
Cheng
and
D.
Li
,
Energy
185
,
671
681
(
2019
).
3.
A.M.
Hemeida
,
M.H.
El-Ahmar
,
A.M.
El-Sayed
,
H. M.
Hasanien
,
S.
Alkhalaf
,
M.F.C.
Esmail
and
T.
Senjyu
,
Ain Shams Eng. J.
11
,
11
23
(
2019
).
4.
R.
Kumar
and
H. O.
Bansal
,
Electric Power Systems Research
177
,
105957
(
2019
).
5.
T.
Ma
and
M. S.
Javed
,
Energy Conversion and Management
182
,
178
190
(
2019
).
6.
A.
Al-Dousari
,
W.
Al-Nassar
,
A.
Al-Hemoud
,
A.
Alsaleh
,
A.
Ramadan
,
N.
Al-Dousari
and
M.
Ahmed
Energy.
176
,
184
194
(
2019
).
7.
P.
Jong
,
T. B.
Barreto
,
C. A. S.
Tanajura
,
D.
Kouloukoui
,
K. P.
Oliveira-Esquerre
,
A.
Kiperstok
and
E. A.
Torres
,
Renew. Energy.
141
,
390
40
(
2019
).
8.
G.
Lobaccaroa
,
S.
Croceb
,
C.
Lindkvistc
,
M. C. Munari
Probstd
,
A.
Scognamiglioe
,
J.
Dahlbergf
,
M.
Lundgrenf
and
M.
Wallg
,
Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev.
108
,
209
237
(
2019
).
9.
W. U.
Xiaogang
,
D.
Jiuyu
,
W. U.
Guoliang
,
D.
Jiuyu
and
W. U.
Guoliang
,
Renew. Energy.
147
,
2470
2483
(
2020
).
10.
J.
Lian
,
Y.
Zhang
,
C.
Ma
,
Y.
Yang
and
E.
Chaima
,
Energy Convers. Manag.
199
,
112027
(
2019
).
11.
J.
Ahmad
a,
M.
Imran
,
A.
Khalid
,
W.
Iqbal
,
S. R.
Ashraf
,
M.
Adnan
,
S. F.
Ali
and
K. S.
Khokhar
,
Energy.
148
,
208
234
(
2018
).
12.
O. D.
Ajayi
,
O. O.
Waheed
,
M.
Adekojo
and
E. Y.
Salawu
,
Procedia Manuf.
35
,
278
284
(
2019
).
13.
Z.
Amara
,
M.
Khadraoui
and
R.
Miloua
,
Int. J. Nanoelect. Mater.
12
,
363
374
(
2019
).
16.
Information on
http://www.mop.gov.iq/
18.
Information on
https://moelc.gov.iq/
19.
C.
Goodbody
,
E.
Walsh
,
K. P.
Mcdonnell
and
P.
Owende
,
Int. J. Electr. Power Energy Syst.
44
713
720
(
2013
).
21.
22.
A. S.
Darwisha
,
S.
Shaabana
,
E.
Marsillacb
and
N. M.
Mahmoodc
,
Comput. Ind. Eng.
127
,
89
102
(
2019
).
24.
A.
Saleh
,
M.
Faridun
,
N.
Tajuddin
,
M.
Ra
,
A.
Azmi
and
M. A. M.
Ramli
,
Energy
138
,
775
792
(
2019
).
28.
D. N.
Luta
, and
A. K.
Raji
,
Energy
166
,
530
540
(
2019
).
29.
M.
Belekoukia
,
Z.
Lin
,
B.
Xu
,
H.
Wang
and
J.
Xuan
,
Energy Procedia
158
,
6315
6320
(
2019
).
30.
M.
Jahangiri
,
A.
Haghani
,
A.
Alidadi
,
A.
Mostafaeipour
and
L.
Martin
,
Energy Strateg. Rev.
23
,
23
32
(
2019
).
This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.