Higher-order thinking skills including science process skills are the foundation to achieve better cognitive learning outcomes. This study aimed to investigate the correlation between the science process skills and cognitive achievement of 171 high school students from Malang and Singosari, Indonesia. The research data were gathered from the pretest and post-test conducted with regards to the implementation of RICOSRE and PBL. The results showed that there was a significant correlation between the students’ science process skills and cognitive achievement. The students’ science process skills have contributed 89.1% to their cognitive achievement on RICOSRE and 75.9% on PBL. These figures demonstrate the extent to which the participants’ science process skills are correlated with their cognitive achievement on each learning model implemented in this study. Based on these findings, it is obvious that RICOSRE is more potential in students’ science process skills and cognitive achievement development.

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