A cold roll bonding (CRB) process for the symmetrical bonding of two sheets of the steel DX-51 (1.0226) with a galvanized zinc coating is presented. The coating was applied to form an intermediate layer between the two steel substrates during the bonding. The study is divided in two sections describing the role of the heat treatment prior to the CRB process (heat pre-treatment) as well as after the CRB process (heat post-treatment). The filming theory supposes that for establishing a firm bond, the superficial layers should feature an increased hardness in comparison to the substrate to overcome the oxide film on the surface. Since zinc is more ductile than iron, a bonding of galvanized steel sheets according to this mechanism is rather unlikely. By applying a heat pre-treatment prior to the roll bonding, the formation of brittle intermetallic Fe and Zn phases can be facilitated. These brittle phases fracture during rolling, and thus, allow for a contact of the juvenile formed steel layers. Within this study, steel sheets were heat pre-treated in an oxygen-free atmosphere in the temperature range from 450 °C to 550 °C. Additionally, the influence of the coating’s thickness was investigated. A heat post-treatment was performed to strengthen the bond by increased diffusion activity. The influence of the zinc diffusivity was analyzed by heat treatment of the bonded samples in the relevant temperature range for zinc diffusion at 180 °C. The bonds were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy and tensile shear tests.
The role of heat-treatments performed before and after a cold roll bonding process of galvanized steel sheets
Illia Hordych, Sebastian Herbst, Florian Nürnberger, Hans Christian Schmidt, Alejandro Gonzalez Orive, Werner Homberg, Guido Grundmeier, Hans Jürgen Maier; The role of heat-treatments performed before and after a cold roll bonding process of galvanized steel sheets. AIP Conf. Proc. 2 July 2019; 2113 (1): 050017. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5112581
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