The physical principles of magnetic resonance (MR) have been known since the 1940s. The discovery of the MR phenomenon and then the development of pulse Fourier transform and the echo-planar imaging techniques were awarded several Nobel prizes. The first imaging of the human body with the use of MR was performed in the 1980s. Since 1990s. MR allows for structural and anatomical diagnosis in neuroradiology and together with advanced functional techniques like diffusion and spectroscopy provides valuable tools in human brain examinations. We demonstrate some medical applications of these techniques.

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