This paper specifies polymer composites for dual usages, namely (a) internal lining of thousands of kilometer long transfer-tubes; and (b) external lining of 16.5-meter-long passenger-capsules. These are the two primary components of intercontinental Indus-Hypersonic-Loop recently proposed by authors. Their innovative ideas specify advanced features of composites, namely (1) space quality polymer composites for longevity operations; (2) adequate reinforcement to withstand peeling force of 10 tons/sq. m on both the linings; (3) excellent nonmagnetic property for creating efficient travelling magnetic field and their interactions between transfer-tube and passenger-capsule; and finally (4) strong bond-ability with electromagnetic-bodies. Having strong adhesive of polymer-composites, the passenger-capsule must withstand bursting load of ∼1,500 tons; and transfer-tube must withstand collapsing load of 100tons/running 100m. The authors have theorized, analyzed and invented four ideas namely (i) travelling magnetic fields along the transfer-tube by ingenious time-space separation of these fields; permitting sub-sonic, supersonic and hypersonic velocities for travels within nations, between nations and between continents; (ii) magnetodynamic bottling, made possible with the help of inductive magnetic fields, for preventing the passenger-capsule from rubbing or crashing on to the sides of the transfer-tube; (iii) reduction of air-drag-force by many orders of magnitudes, using 10-3 to 10-6 torr vacuum as spinoff of above bottling; (iv) dynamic power transfer from transfer-tube to passenger-capsule, even at hypersonic velocities; thus altogether eliminating on-board battery banks.
Space-quality reinforced polymer-composites permitting travelling-magnetic-fields in new Indus-Hypersonic-Loop
B. N. Karkera, A. O. Surendranathan, Aayush Sinha; Space-quality reinforced polymer-composites permitting travelling-magnetic-fields in new Indus-Hypersonic-Loop. AIP Conf. Proc. 11 January 2019; 2057 (1): 020029. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5085600
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