This paper deals with the evaluation of gas transport properties of bionanocomposites based on polylactic acid 2003D (PLA). Montmorillonite based fillers, Cloisite® 10A, 20A, 30B and natural Cloisite® Na+, were incorporated into PLA polymer films. PLA/clay mixtures were produced by twin screw extruder ZSK-25. Further testing sheets were prepared from PLA/clay mixtures by Brabender Plasti-Corder equipped by flat die. The prepared composites were evaluated for water absorption, permeability of gases and water vapors. Further material morphology was assessed using X-ray diffraction as well as transmission electron microscopy. The best results achieved compositions with PLA/Cloisite10A and Cloisite 30B.

1.
Choudalakis
G.
,
Gotsis A. Permeability of polymer/clay nanocomposites: a review
.
Eur. Polym. J.
45
(
4
),
967
984
(
2009
).
2.
Ray
S.
,
Quek
S. Y.
,
Easteal
A.
,
Chen
X.D.
The potential use of polymer-clay nanocomposites in food packaging
.
Int. J. Food Eng.
2
(
4
) (
2006
).
3.
Lange
J.
,
Wyser
Y.
Recent innovations in barrier technologies for plastic packaging - a review
.
Packag. Technol. Sci.
16
(
4
),
149
158
(
2003
).
4.
Yoo
B. M.
,
Shin
H. J.
,
Yoon
H. W.
,
Park
H. B.
Graphene and graphene oxide and their uses in barrier polymers
.
J. Appl. Polym. Sci.
131
(
1
) (
2014
).
5.
Sivan Peretz
Damari
,
Lucas
Cullari
,
Roey
Nadiv
,
Yiftach
Nir
,
Dalia
Laredo
,
Jaime
Grunlan
,
Oren
Regev
.
Graphene-induced enhancement of water vapor barrier in polymer nanocomposites
.
Composites Part B
134
,
218
224
(
2018
).
6.
Ward
W.
,
Gaines
G.
,
Alger
M.
,
Stanley
T.
Gas barrier improvement using vermiculite and mica in polymer films
.
J. Membr. Sci.
55
(
1
),
173
180
(
1991
).
7.
Gill
T.
,
Xanthos
M.
Effects of fillers on permeability and mechanical properties of HDPE blown films
.
J. Vinyl. Add. Tech.
2
(
3
),
248
252
(
1996
).
8.
Sekelik
D.
,
Stepanov
E.
,
Nazarenko
S.
,
Schiraldi
D.
,
Hiltner
A.
,
Baer
E.
Oxygen barrier properties of crystallized and talc- filled poly (ethylene terephthalate
).
J. Polym. Sci. Part B Polym. Phys.
37
(
8
),
847
857
(
1999
).
9.
Gupta
R. K.
,
Kennel
E.
,
Kim
K.-J.
Polymer nanocomposites handbook
.
London
:
CRC press
,
2009
.
10.
Kalendova
,
A.
,
Merinska
,
D.
,
Gerard
J. F.
,
Slouf
M.
Polymer/clay nanocomposites and their gas barrier properties
,
Polymer Composites
34
(
9
),
1418
1424
(
2013
).
11.
Tesarikova
A.
,
Merinska
D.
,
Kalous
J.
,
Svoboda
P.
Ethylene-Octene Copolymers/Organoclay Nanocomposites: Preparation and Properties
.
Journal of Nanomaterials
2016
(
2016
).
12.
Bao
C.
,
Guo
Y.
,
Yuan
B.
,
Hu
Y.
,
Song
L.
Functionalized graphene oxide for firesafety applications of polymers: a combination of condensed phase flame retardant strategies
.
J. Mater. Chem.
22
(
43
),
23057
63
(
2012
)
13.
Nadiv
R.
,
Vasilyev
G.
,
Shtein
M.
Peled
A.
,
Zussman
E.
,
Regev
O.
The multiple roles of a dispersant in nanocomposite systems
.
Compos. Sci. Technol.
133
,
192
199
(
2016
).
14.
Krasnov
A.P.
,
Aderikha
V. N.
,
Afonicheva
O. V.
,
Mit’
V. A.
,
Tikhonov
N. N.
,
Vasil’kov A.
Yu
.,
Said-Galiev E. E., Naumkin A. V., Nikolaev A. Yu. Categorization System of Nanofillers to Polymer Composites
.
Journal of friction and wear
31
(
1
),
68
80
(
2010
).
15.
De Azeredo
H. M. C.
Nanocomposites for food packaging applications
.
Food Research International
42
(
9
),
1240
1253
(
2009
).
16.
Laske
S.
Polymer Nanoclay Composites
.
Amsterdam
:
Elsevier
,
2015
.
17.
Therias
S.
,
Murariu
M.
,
Dubois
P.
Bionanocomposites based on PLA and halloysite nanotubes: From key properties to photooxidative degradation
.
Polymer Degradation and Stability
145
,
60
69
(
2017
).
18.
Haghi
A. K.
,
Zaikov
G. E.
Update on nanofiller in nanocomposites: from introduction to application
.
Shawbury
:
Smithers Rapra
,
2013
.
19.
Standard test E 96-95, “Standard test method for water vapor transmission of materials”.
20.
Lu
C.
,
Mai
Y.-W.
Influence of aspect ratio on barrier properties of polymer-clay nanocomposites
.
Phys. Rev. Lett.
95
(
8
),
088303
(
2005
).
This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.