Vanadium dioxide films have been known as the most promising thermochromic thin films for smart windows which self-control the solar radiation and heat transfer for energy saving, comfort in houses and automotives. Such an attractive technological application is due to the fact that vanadium dioxide crystals exhibit a fast semiconductor-to-metal phase transition at a transition temperature Tc of about 68 °C, together with sharp optical changes from high transmitive to high reflective coatings in the IR spectral region. The phase transition has been associated with the nature of the microstructure, stoichiometry and stresses related to the oxide. This study reports on the effect of the crystallographic quality controlled by the substrate temperature on the thermochromic properties of vanadium dioxide thin films synthesized by reactive radio frequency inverted cylindrical magnetron sputtering from vanadium target. The reports results are based on X-ray diffraction, Atomic force microscopy, and UV-Visible spectrophotometer. The average crystalline grain size of VO2 increases with the substrate temperature, inducing stress related phenomena within the films.
Effect of substrate temperature on thermochromic vanadium dioxide thin films sputtered from vanadium target
I. G. Madiba, L. Kotsedi, B. D. Ngom, B. S. Khanyile, M. Maaza; Effect of substrate temperature on thermochromic vanadium dioxide thin films sputtered from vanadium target. AIP Conf. Proc. 3 May 2018; 1962 (1): 040002. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5035540
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