Friction stir welding (FSW) dissimilar joints of aluminium alloys of 2024-T351 and 7075-T651 were produced by reinforcing silicon carbide nano particle (SiCNP) in the rectangular cut groove made on the adjoining surface of the two dissimilar alloy plates joined in the butt configuration. A FSW tool of taper threaded cylindrical shape is used for producing the FSW dissimilar joints reinforced with SiCNP in the weld nugget zone (WNZ) and to produce metal matrix nano composite (MMNC) at the WNZ. In the experimental investigation, the constant FSW tool traverse speed of 40 mm/min and tool plunge depth of 6.2 mm/min is kept as constant, while the FSW tool rotation speed was varied from 400 rpm to 1800 rpm. The effect continuous varying tool rotation speed range from 400 rpm to 1800 rpm along the weld length and on the distribution of SiCNP in WNZ is analysed by conducting macro and microstructure study using optical microscopy (OM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) provided with energy dispersive spectrometry (EDS). In the experimental investigation, the combination of continuous varying FSW tool rotation speed range from 900rpm to 1150 rpm, constant tool traverse speed range 40 mm/min and tool plunge depth of 6.2 mm results in defect free, proper distribution of SiCNP and highest tensile properties for the FSW dissimilar joints. The highest ultimate tensile strength (UTS) of 380 MPa and yield strength (YS) of 150 MPa was observed for the combination of FSW tool rotation speed of 1000 rpm and tool traverse speed of 40 mm/min. The increasing in FSW tool rotation speed above 1250 rpm results in non homogeneous distribution of SiCNP in WNZ, excessive flash in the weld crown area and shows decreasing tendency in the tensile properties of the FSW dissimilar weld joints produced with reinforcing the SiCNP in the WNZ.

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