Tacca leontopetaloides L. Kuntze has been known as a remedy in folk medicine and also a staple food source in many tropical countries. Nonetheless, there are currently few literature and research on the potential pharmaceutical benefits of this herbal plant. In this study, the constituents of leaves, peels and peeled tubers as well as its antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of Tacca cultivated from mountainous regions in Tinh Bien, An Giang Province, Vietnam were investigated. The results indicated that the highest of total phenolic content (TPC) and total flavonoid content (TFC) were presented in leaves of Tacca which were 16.69 mg GAE (gallic acid equivalent)/g dried weight, 57.24 mg QE (quercetin equivalent)/g dried weight, respectively. Besides, the yield of flour recovery process from Tacca tuber estimated from 18%-20%. The chemical compositions of Tacca flour were 0.66 % total of nitrogen, 0.91% lipid, 0.05% ash and 85.7% starch content on dried weight. Furthermore, the extract of peels possessed potential antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli and Enterococcus faecalis whilst the extract of others did not show any significant inhibition at the same concentration. As a results, with high starch content (nearly 20% in tuber) is a highly promising new starch for food and pharmaceutical excipient industry, while the usefullness of peel in treatment need further investigation.

1.
T. I.
Brokini
and
A. E.
Ayodele
,
Phytochemical Screening of Tacca Leontopetaloides (L.) Kuntze Collected from Four Geographical Locations in Nigeria
,
International Journal of Modern Botany
,
2
(
4
),
97
102
(
2012
).
2.
S. A.
Aziz
,
R.
Susanto
,
Are Tacca leontopetaloides (Linn.) O. Kuntze Mini Tuber Growth Affected by Media Composition and Tuber Size?,
Journal of Tropical Crop Science
,
2
(
1
),
1
9
(
2015
).
3.
O.O.
Kunle
,
Y.E.
Ibrahim
,
M.O.
Emeje
,
S.
Shaba
,
Y.
Kunle
,
Extraction, Physicochemical and Compaction Properties of Tacca Starch-a Potential Pharmaceutical Excipient
,
Starch/Stärke
55
,
319
325
(
2003
).
4.
U. J.
Ukpabi
,
E.
Ukenye
and
A. O.
Olojede
,
Raw-Material Potentials of Nigerian vild Polynesian Arrowroot (Tacca leontopetaloides) Tubers and Starch
,
Journal of Food Technology
,
7
(
4
),
135
138
(
2009
).
5.
H. M.
Adamu
,
O. J.
Abayeh
,
M. O.
Agho
,
A. L.
Abdullahi
,
A.
Uba
,
H. U.
Dukku
,
B. M.
Wem
,
An ethnobotanical survey of Bauchi State herbal plants and their antimicrobial activity
,
Journal of Ethnopharmacology
99
,
1
4
(
2005
).
6.
A. B.
Adebiyi
,
M. O.
Omojola
,
A. T.
Orishadipe
,
M. O.
Afolayan
,
D.
Olalekan
,
TACCA starch citrate-A potential pharmaceutical excipient
,
Archives of Applied Science Research
,
3
(
6
),
114
121
(
2011
).
7.
Omojola
,
TACCA STARCH: A REVIEW OF ITS PRODUCTION, PHYSICOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES, MODIFICATION AND INDUSTRIAL USES,
African Journal of food, agrriculture, nutrition and development
13
(
4
),
7972
7985
(
2013
).
This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.