The developments in technology following the industrial revolution had their share of impact on both construction techniques, and material technologies. The change in the materials used by the construction industry brought along numerous innovations, which, in turn, took on an autonomous trend of development given the rise of nano-tech materials. Today, nano-tech materials are used extensively in numerous construction categories. Nano-tech materials, in general, are characterized by their reactionary nature, with the intent of repeating the reactions again and again under certain conditions. That is why nano-tech materials are often called smart materials. In construction industry, smart materials are categorized under 4 major perspectives: Shape-shifting smart materials, power generating smart materials, self-maintenance smart materials, and smart materials providing a high level of insulation. In architecture, various categories of construction often tend to exhibit their own approaches to design, materials, and construction techniques. This is a direct consequence of the need for different solutions for different functions. In this context, the use of technological materials should lead to the use of a set of smart materials for a given category of structures, while another category utilizes yet another set. In the present study, the smart materials used in specific categories of structures were reviewed with reference to nano-tech practices implemented in Europe, with a view to try and reveal the changes in the use of smart materials with reference to categories of structures. The study entails a discussion to test the hypothesis that nano-tech materials vary with reference to structure categories, on the basis of 18 examples from various structure categories, built by the construction firms with the highest level of potential in terms of doing business in Europe. The study comprises 3 major sections: The first section reiterates what the literature has to say about smart materials; the second discusses the types and characteristics of smart materials over the tables detailing their utilization and functions in the structures included in the set of examples. The final section of the study, on the other hand, elaborates on the findings, discussing them with reference to the types of structures.
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Research Article| July 10 2017
Types of architectural structures and the use of smart materials
AIP Conf. Proc. 1858, 040003 (2017)
Cengiz Tavşan, Serkan Sipahi; Types of architectural structures and the use of smart materials. AIP Conf. Proc. 10 July 2017; 1858 (1): 040003. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4989952
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