The main attractant compound for Eleidobius kamerunicus to male spikelet Elaeis guineensis (oil palm) were determined by analyzing volatile organic compound extracted from E. guineenses inflorescences planted on different soil types namely peat soil, clay soil and sandy soil. Anthesizing male oil palm inflorescences were randomly choosen from palm aged between 4-5 years old age. Extraction of the volatiles from the oil palm inflorescences were performed by Accelerated Solvent Extraction method (ASE). The extracted volatile compound were determined by using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Out of ten identified compound, estragole was found to be a major compound in sandy soil (37.49%), clay soil (30.71%) and peat soil (27.79%). Other compound such as 9,12-octadecadieonic acid and n-hexadecanoic acid were found as major compound in peat soil (27.18%) and (7.45%); sandy soil (14.15 %) and (9.31%); and clay soil (30.23%) and (4.99%). This study shows that estragole was the predominant volatile compound detected in oil palm inflorescences with highly concentrated in palm planted in sandy soil type.
Analysis of volatile organic compound from Elaeis guineensis inflorescences planted on different soil types in Malaysia
M. H. Muhamad Fahmi, A. K. Ahmad Bukhary, H. Norma, A. B. Idris; Analysis of volatile organic compound from Elaeis guineensis inflorescences planted on different soil types in Malaysia. AIP Conf. Proc. 17 November 2016; 1784 (1): 060020. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4966858
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