Oxygen is a substance in which two solid-to-solid phase transitions occur in the low temperature range, in addition to the triple point at ≈54 K: the β-γ solid-to-solid transition at ≈43.8 K and the α-β transition at ≈23.8 K. The triple point of oxygen is a fixed point of the International Temperature Scale of 1990. The solid-to-solid transitions are included in the list of BIPM - CCT secondary fixed points. In the paper, the thermal properties at the β-γ. transition are presented. The transition is of first order, associated with large structural changes. Measurements were carried out at INTiBS and at INRIM using oxygen sealed cells manufactured and filled at INRIM. Two methods - continuous and pulse heating - were used to determine the oxygen temperature across the transition. A flat plateau was observed for the part of the transition dominated by the β phase, while, where the γ phase becomes predominant, the transition temperature starts to increase substantially along with the sample time constant.
The β - γ transition of oxygen as a secondary fixed point of the ITS-90
A. Szmyrka-Grzebyk, A. Kowal, L. Lipiński, H. Manuszkiewicz, P. P. M. Steur, F. Pavese; The β - γ transition of oxygen as a secondary fixed point of the ITS-90. AIP Conf. Proc. 11 September 2013; 1552 (1): 204–208. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4819540
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