The Pauli exclusion principle (PEP) is one of the basic principles of the modern physics. Being at the very basis of our understanding of matter, it spurs, presently, a lively debate on its possible limits, deeply rooted in the very foundations of Quantum Field Theory. Therefore, it is extremely important to test the limits of its validity. Quon theory provides a suitable mathematical framework of possible violation of PEP, where the violation parameter q translates into a probability of violating PEP. Experimentally, setting a bound on PEP violation means confining the violation parameter to a value very close to either 1 (for bosons) or −1 (for fermions). The VIP (VIolation of the Pauli exclusion principle) experiment established a limit on the probability that PEP is violated by electrons, using the method of searching for PEP forbidden atomic transitions in copper. We describe the experimental method, the obtained results, both in terms of the q-parameter from quon theory and as probability of PEP violation, we briefly discuss them and present future plans to go beyond the actual limit by upgrading the experimental technique using vetoed new spectroscopical fast Silicon Drift Detectors. We also mention the possibility of using a similar experimental technique to search for eventual X-rays, generated in the spontaneous collapse models.
Experimental tests of quantum mechanics: Pauli exclusion principle violation and spontaneous collapse models
Catalina Curceanu, S. Bartalucci, A. Bassi, S. Bertolucci, M. Bragadireanu, M. Cargnelli, A. Clozza, S. Di Matteo, S. Donadi, J. -P. Egger, C. Guaraldo, M. Iliescu, T. Ishiwatari, M. Laubenstein, J. Marton, E. Milotti, D. Pietreanu, T. Ponta, A. Rizzo, A. Romero Vidal, A. Scordo, D. L. Sirghi, F. Sirghi, L. Sperandio, O. Vazquez Doce, E. Widmann, J. Zmeskal; Experimental tests of quantum mechanics: Pauli exclusion principle violation and spontaneous collapse models. AIP Conf. Proc. 29 March 2012; 1424 (1): 397–406. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3688992
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