https://www.nobelprize.org/all-nobel-prizes-2023/

https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/physics/2023/popular-information/

https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/chemistry/2023/press-release/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quantum_dot_display

https://www.sigmaaldrich.com/US/en/products/materials-science/energy-materials/quantum-dots

Pierre Agostini, Ferenc Krausz, and Anne L’Huillier received the 2023 Nobel Prize in physics for experimental methods with attosecond light pulses, studying electron dynamics in matter. Previously, femtosecond (10−15 s) pulsed observations were the limit; now, these new techniques (using “overtones” in a gas pumped by a laser) are 1000 times faster (10−18 s), which is essential for observing electron movement in materials underlying the basic physics of bonding and motion, semiconductor devices, and basic biological processes.

Moungi G. Bawendi, Louis E. Brus, and Aleksey I. Yekimov received the 2023 Nobel Prize in chemistry for their discovery and synthesis of quantum dots. Incredibly photogenic, quantum dots are crystalline particles so small that their properties are dominated by quantum phenomena—in particular, tuning their size and electronic properties to color, establishing new technologies for video displays called QDLEDs. Quantum dot technology is also used in...

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