Teaching special relativity to lower-division students is challenging because results such as time dilation, length contraction, and frame dependence of simultaneity are counterintuitive. The literature is extensive, so only a brief list is given here, with articles divided roughly between discussions of general principles and calculations applied to selected physical systems.

1.
R.
Scherr
,
P.
Schaffer
, and
S.
Vokos
,
“Student understanding of time in special relativity: Simultaneity and reference frames
,”
Am. J. Phys.
69
,
S24
S35
(July
2001
).
2.
D.
Miller
,
“A constructive approach to the special theory of relativity
,”
Am. J. Phys.
78
,
633
638
(June
2010
).
3.
E.
Huggins
,
“Special relativity in week one: 1) The principle of relativity
,”
Phys. Teach.
49
,
148
151
(March
2011
);
E.
Huggins
,
“Special relativity in week one: 2) All clocks run slow
,”
Phys. Teach.
49
,
220
221
(April
2011
);
E.
Huggins
,
“Special relativity in week one: 3) Introducing the Lorentz contraction
,”
Phys. Teach.49
,
302
303
(May
2011
);
E.
Huggins
,
“Special relativity in week one: 4) Lack of simultaneity
,”
Phys. Teach.
49
,
340
342
(Sept.
2011
).
4.
M.
Egdall
,
“Teaching special relativity to lay students
,”
Phys. Teach.
52
,
406
409
(Oct.
2014
).
5.
W.
Nelson
,
“Special relativity from the dynamical viewpoint
,”
Am. J. Phys.
83
,
600
607
(July
2015
).
6.
C.
Naddy
,
S.
Dudley
, and
R.
Haaland
,
“Projectile motion in special relativity
,”
Phys. Teach.
38
,
27
29
(Jan.
2000
).
7.
R.
Piccioni
,
“Special relativity and magnetism in an introductory physics course
,”
Phys. Teach.
45
,
152
155
(March
2007
).
8.
B.
Tefft
and
A.
Tefft
,
“Galilean relativity and work-kinetic energy theorem
,”
Phys. Teach.
45
,
218
220
(April
2007
).
9.
C.
Dib
,
“Mass as a form of energy in a simple example
,”
Phys. Teach.
51
,
546
548
(Dec.
2013
).
10.
P.
Riggs
,
“A comparison of kinetic energy and momentum in special relativity and classical mechanics
,”
Phys. Teach.
54
,
80
82
(Feb.
2016
).
11.
B.
Ackerson
,
“Special relativity at low relative velocities
,”
Phys. Teach.
57
,
323
325
(May
2019
).
12.
M.
Frodyma
,
“Relativistic and Newtonian motion under a constant force using dimensional analysis and calculus
,”
Phys. Teach.
58
,
119
122
(Feb.
2020
).
13.
P.
Blanco
,
“Maximum momentum and kinetic energy of a rocket
,”
Phys. Teach.
58
,
534
535
(Nov.
2020
).
14.
E.
Hecht
,
“Einstein never approved of relativistic mass
,”
Phys. Teach.
47
,
336
341
(Sept.
2009
).
15.
L.
Okun
,
“The concept of mass
,”
Phys. Today
42
,
31
36
(June
1989
).
16.
J.
Ackeret
,
“Zur Theorie der Raketen
,”
Helv. Phys. Acta
19
,
103
112
(Feb.
1946
).
17.
W.
Bade
,
“Relativistic rocket theory
,”
Am. J. Phys.
21
,
310
312
(April
1953
).
18.
J.
Rhee
,
“Relativistic rocket motion
,”
Am. J. Phys.
33
,
587
(July
1965
).
19.
K.
Pomeranz
,
“The relativistic rocket
,”
Am. J. Phys.
34
,
565
566
(July
1966
).
20.
A.
Antippa
,
“The relativistic rocket
,”
Eur. J. Phys.
30
,
605
(April
2009
).
21.
N.
Bokor
,
“The relativistic rocket on an energy-momentum diagram
,”
Eur. J. Phys.
40
,
1
11
(Jan.
2019
).
22.
H.
Young
and
R.
Freedman
,
University Physics
, 14th ed. (
Pearson, Boston
,
2016
), pp.
258
260
.
23.
J.
Stewart
,
Calculus, Early Transcendentals
, 7th ed. (
Brooks/Cole
,
Belmont, CA
,
2012
), p.
291
.
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