The theory of the Big Bang is accepted nearly universally among the scientific community. However, there is a small cadre of individuals who dispute this consensus and they point to a handful of datums that don’t fit into the picture. One such datum is the existence of a star with an age reported to be older than the cosmos itself. This star is called the Methuselah star, named after the biblical patriarch. Obviously, if the age of this star is truly older than the universe, it would be a discovery of considerable concern to those who accept Big Bang cosmology. In the following text, I describe the debate, beginning with a brief historical treatment of the early discoveries. I have made this choice because the early papers are easy to understand and are accessible suggested reading for introductory students interested in the origins of some of the key evidence supporting the Big Bang.

1.
H.
Leavitt
and
E.
Pickering
, “
Periods of 25 variable stars in the Small Magellanic Cloud
,”
Harvard Coll. Obs. Circular
173
,
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(
1912
), https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1912HarCi.173….1L/abstract.
2.
V.
Slipher
, “
Nebulae
,”
Proc. Am. Phil. Soc.
56, 403
(
1917
), https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1917PAPhS..56..403S/abstract.
3.
E.
Hubble
, “
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,”
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369
(
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), https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1926ApJ….64..321H/abstract.
4.
E.
Hubble
, “
A relation between distance and radial velocity among extra-galactic nebulae
,”
Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci.
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(
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(
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), https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1929PNAS…15..168H/abstract.
5.
W.
Freedman
and
B.
Madore
, “
The Hubble Constant
,”
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48
,
673
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, “
Is modern cosmology in crisis?
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).
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M.
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,
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(
Dover Publications
,
1997
).
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G.
LeMaître
, “
Un Univers homogène de masse constante et de rayon croissant rendant compte de la vitesse radiale des nébuleuses extra-galactiques
,”
Annales de la Société Scientifique de Bruxelles
A47
,
49
59
(
1927
) (in French); https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1927ASSB…47…49L/abstract.
9.
G.
LeMaître
, “
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,”
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,
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(
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), https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1931MNRAS..91..483L/abstract.
10.
A.
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and
R.
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, “
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,”
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R.
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,
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, and
G.
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,”
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R.
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, “
A neutron-capture theory of the formation and relative abundance of the elements
,”
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,
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,”
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,”
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,”
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),
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17.
Planck Collaboration
, “
Planck 2015 results. XIII. Cosmological parameters
,”
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18.
W. S.
Adams
, “
The three-prism stellar spectrograph of the Mount Wilson Solar Observatory
,”
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19.
J. W.
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and
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, “
The atmospheres of A-type subdwarfs and 95 Leonis
,”
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,”
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21.
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 et al, “
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,”
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).
23.
H.
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 et al,“
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,”
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), https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013AAS…22144308B/abstract. Also https://arxiv.org/abs/1302.3180.
26.
O.L.
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 et al, “
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,”
Astron. Astrophys.
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,
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(
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27.
D.
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and
B.
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, “
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,”
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28.
E.
Caffau
 et al, “
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,”
Nature
477
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), https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011Natur.477…67C/abstract;
[PubMed]
R.
Schneider
 et al, “
Low-mass relics of early star formation
,”
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422
,
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(
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), https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2003Natur.422..869S/abstract.
[PubMed]
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