A possible link between cancer and the usage of mobile phones has been widely discussed in the media in the last 10 years. It is no surprise that students keep asking their physics teacher for advice regarding the handling of mobile phones and mobile phone radiation. This article aims to help teachers include this interesting topic in the classroom. It provides basic information and summarizes the facts made available by 11 recent peer-reviewed studies. First some information about the physical facts and medical information on brain cancer are given. Then the different studies are presented. Last but not least, different possibilities to implement this topic in the high school classroom are given.

1.
James
Gallagher
, “
Mobile phones ‘unlikely’ to cause cancer
,”
BBC News
(
2011
), http://www.bbc.com/news/health-13988882;
Geoffrey
Lean
, “
Mobile phone use ‘raises children’s risk of brain cancer fivefold
,’”
Independent
(
2008
), http://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/mobile-phone-use-raises-childrens-risk-of-brain-cancer-fivefold-937005.html;
Matt
Moore
, “
Cell phone-tumor link found?
CBS News
(
2004
), http://www.cbsnews.com/news/cell-phone-tumor-link-found/.
2.
Randall Dewey
Knight
,
Brian
Jones
, and
Stuart
Field
,
College Physics
, 3rd ed. (
Pearson
,
New York
,
2015
), pp.
817
831
.
3.
W.
Abdul-Razzaq
, “
Cell phone RF radiation
,”
Phys. Teach.
53
,
236
237
(
April
2015
).
4.
N. D.
Volkow
 et al, “
Effects of cell phone radiofrequency signal exposure on brain glucose metabolism
,”
J. Am. Med. Assoc.
305
(
8
),
808
813
(
2011
).
5.
International Agency for Research on Cancer
, “
IARC classifies radiofrequency electromagnetic fields as possibly carcinogenic to humans
,”
Press release
(
208
) (
2011
).
6.
McKinsey L.
Goodenberger
and
Robert B.
Jenkins
, “
Genetics of adult glioma
,”
Cancer Genet.
205
(
12
),
613
621
(
2012
).
7.
Kenneth R.
Hess
,
Kristine R.
Broglio
, and
Melissa L.
Bondy
, “
Adult glioma incidence trends in the United States, 1977-2000
,”
Cancer
101
(
10
),
2293
2299
(
2004
).
8.
Quinn T.
Ostrom
,
Haley
Gittleman
,
Lindsay
Stetson
,
Selene M.
Virk
, and
Jill S.
Barnholtz-Sloan
, “
Epidemiology of gliomas
,”
Cancer Treat. Res.
163
,
1
14
(
2015
).
9.
The INTERPHONE Study Group
, “
Brain tumour risk in relation to mobile telephone use: Results of the INTERPHONE international case-control study
,”
Int. J. Epidemiol.
39
(
3
),
675
694
(
2010
).
10.
Sarah J.
Hepworth
,
Minouk J.
Schoemaker
,
Kenneth R.
Muir
,
Anthony J.
Swerdlow
,
Martie J. A.
van Tongeren
, and
Patricia A.
McKinney
, “
Mobile phone use and risk of glioma in adults: Case-control study
,”
Br. Med. J.
332
(
7546
),
883
887
(
2006
).
11.
Lennart
Hardell
and
Michael
Carlberg
, “
Mobile phone and cordless phone use and the risk for glioma –Analysis of pooled case-control studies in Sweden, 1997-2003 and 2007-2009
,”
Pathophysiol.
22
(
1
),
1
13
(
2015
).
12.
Patrizia
Frei
,
Aslak H.
Poulsen
,
Christoffer
Johansen
,
Jørgen H.
Olsen
,
Marianne
Steding-Jessen
, and
Joachim
Schüz
, “
Use of mobile phones and risk of brain tumours: Update of Danish cohort study
,”
Br. Med. J.
343
,
d6387
(
2011
).
13.
Valerie
Beral
,
Emily
Banks
,
Gillian
Reeves
, and
Diana
Bull
, “
Breast cancer and hormone-replacement therapy: The Million Women Study
,”
Breast Cancer Res.
362
(
9392
),
1330
1331
(
2003
).
14.
V. S.
Benson
,
K.
Pirie
,
J.
Green
,
D.
Casabonne
, and
V.
Beral
, “
Lifestyle factors and primary glioma and meningioma tumours in the Million Women Study cohort
,”
Breast Cancer Res.
99
(
1
),
185
190
(
2008
).
15.
Victoria S.
Benson
,
Kirstin
Pirie
,
Joachim
Schüz
,
Gillian K.
Reeves
,
Valerie
Beral
, and
Jane
Green
, “
Mobile phone use and risk of brain neoplasms and other cancers: Prospective study
,”
Int. J. Epidemiol.
42
(
3
),
792
802
(
2013
).
16.
Alexander
Lerchl
,
Melanie
Klose
,
Karen
Grote
,
Adalbert F. X.
Wilhelm
,
Oliver
Spathmann
,
Thomas
Fiedler
,
Joachim
Streckert
,
Volkert
Hansen
, and
Markus
Clemens
, “
Tumor promotion by exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields below exposure limits for humans
,”
Biochem. Biophys. Res. Com.
459
(
4
),
585
590
(
2015
).
17.
Thomas
Tillmann
,
Heinrich
Ernst
,
Joachim
Streckert
,
Yi
Zhou
,
Felicitas
Taugner
,
Volkert
Hansen
, and
Clemens
Dasenbrock
, “
Indication of cocarcinogenic potential of chronic UMTS-modulated radiofrequency exposure in an ethylnitrosourea mouse model
,”
Int. J. Radiat. Biol.
86
(
7
),
529
541
(
2010
).
18.
Wolfgang
Harst
,
Jochen
Kuhn
, and
Hermann
Stever
, “
Can electromagnetic exposure cause a change in behaviour? Studying possible non-thermal influences on honey bees-An approach within the framework of educational informatics
,”
ACTA SYSTEMICA
6
(
1
),
1
6
(
2006
).
19.
M. P.
Little
,
P.
Rajaraman
,
R. E.
Curtis
,
S. S.
Devesa
,
P. D.
Inskip
,
D. P.
Check
, and
M. S.
Linet
, “
Mobile phone use and glioma risk: Comparison of epidemiological study results with incidence trends in the United States
,”
Br. Med. J.
344
,
e1147
(
2012
).
20.
Isabelle
Deltour
,
Anssi
Auvinen
,
Maria
Feychting
,
Christoffer
Johansen
,
Lars
Klaeboe
,
Risto
Sankila
, and
Joachim
Schüz
, “
Mobile phone use and incidence of glioma in the Nordic countries 1979-2008: Consistency check
,”
Epidemiol.
23
(
2
),
301
307
(
2012
).
21.
Simon
Chapman
,
Lamiae
Azizi
,
Qingwei
Luo
, and
Freddy
Sitas
, “
Has the incidence of brain cancer risen in Australia since the introduction of mobile phones 29 years ago?
Cancer Epidemiol.
42
,
199
205
(
2016
).
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