Every introductory astronomy class encounters Galileo during the course as the first man to systematically study the sky with a telescope. Every Astronomy 101 student meets Galileo as one of the major catalysts behind the shift from the Ptolemaic to the Copernican system and as one of the great minds behind the scientific method. But most of the time Galileo is just an inset on page 17 with one of the canonical portraits, appearing in students' lists of six early astronomers that need to be memorized for the first exam. I have tried to find ways to overcome such shallow educational experiences in introductory astronomy. In order to bring students to a real encounter with Galileo, I have assigned reading of an excerpt from Galileo's Sidereus Nuncius, “The Starry Message,” followed by an inclass discussion of the text.

1.
Galileo
Galilei
,
Sidereus Nuncius
, translated by
W. R.
Shea
(
Watson Publishing International
,
Sagamore Beach
,
2009
), p.
49
.
2.
Ibid., p. 51.
3.
Ibid., p. 74.
4.
Ibid., p. 93.
5.
K.
Popper
,“
Science as Falsification
,” retrieved from http://faculty.washington.edu/lynnhank/Popper-l.pdf.
6.
L.
McDaid
,“
44 Common Misconceptions About Astronomy
,” retrieved from http://www.scc.losrios.edu/pag/44-common-misconceptions-astronomy/.
7.
D.
Landau
and
N.
Strange
,“
This way to Mars
,”
Sci. Am.
305
(
6
),
58
65
(Dec.
2011
).
8.
S.
Odenwald
and
J.
Green
,“
Bracing for a solar superstorm
,”
Sci. Am.
299
(
2
),
80
87
(Aug.
2008
).
9.
S.
Hawking
,
A Brief History of Time
(
Bantam Publishing
,
New York
,
1988
).
10.
B.
Greene
,“
The mystery of the multiverse
,”
Newsweek
20–25
(May 28,
2012
).
12.
Ref. 1, p. 71.
13.
See especially
C. M.
Graney
,“
Is magnification consistent?
Phys. Teach.
48
,
475
(Oct.
2010
) and
C. M.
Graney
,“
Objects in telescope are farther than they appear
,”
Phys. Teach.
47
,
362
(Sept.
2009
).
14.
Ref. 1, p. 67.
15.
Ibid., p. 57.
16.
Ibid., p. 92.
17.
Ibid., p. 73.
18.
Ibid., p. 73.
19.
F.
Chéreau
 et al
Stellarium planetarium software
, available from http://www.stellarium.org.
20.
E.
Bernieri
,“
Learning from Galileo's errors
,”
J. Brit. Astron. Assoc.
122
,
3
(
2012
).
21.
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