Over 2200 years ago, in order to determine the purity of a golden crown of the king of Syracuse, Archimedes submerged the crown in water and determined its volume by measuring the volume of the displaced water.1 This simple experiment became the foundation of what eventually became known as Archimedes' principle: An object fully or partially immersed in a fluid is buoyed up by a force equal to the weight of the fluid displaced by the object. The principle is used to explain all questions regarding buoyancy, and the method is still prescribed for determination of the volume of irregularly shaped objects.2

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As long as the meterstick is not in contact with the bottom of the container, the tare reading in Fig. 3 is also directly proportional to the fluid pressure at the depth of the meterstick end. Therefore, the apparatus may also be used to demonstrate the linear relationship between water pressure and depth.

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