The application of a gauge covariant derivative to the Euler–Lagrange equation yields a shortcut to the equations of motion for a field subject to an external force. The gauge covariant derivative includes an external force as an intrinsic part of the derivative and hence simplifies Lagrangians containing tensor and gauge covariant fields. The gauge covariant derivative used in the covariant Euler–Lagrange equation is presented as an extension of the coordinate covariant derivative used in tensor analysis. Several examples provide useful demonstrations of the covariant derivative relevant to studies in general relativity and gauge theory.
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PAPERS| September 01 2009
Explicit gauge covariant Euler–Lagrange equation
Clinton L. Lewis; Explicit gauge covariant Euler–Lagrange equation. Am. J. Phys. 1 September 2009; 77 (9): 839–843. https://doi.org/10.1119/1.3153503
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