Skilled discus throwers claim that a properly thrown discus will travel several meters farther if it is thrown against the wind, than if it is thrown along the direction of the wind. Numerical calculations confirm these claims for winds of up to about 20 m/sec and show that the extra distance is caused by the higher lift and drag forces acting on a discus that is thrown against the wind. Aerodynamic considerations influence numerous aspects of discus throwing, but these have not been dicussed in the scientific literature. In addition to reviewing the available literature, the present article calculates the effect on distance thrown caused by changes in wind velocity, altitude, air temperature, gravity, and release velocity. Some sample results are that a discus can travel: (i) 8.2 m farther against a 10‐m/sec wind than with such a wind; (ii) 0.13 m farther at 0 °C than at +40 °C; (iii) 0.19 m farther with no wind at the elevation of Rome, Italy than at the elevation of Mexico City, Mexico; and (v) 0.34 m farther at the equator than at the poles.

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