In Heisenberg’s famous discussion of the measurement of a particle’s position using a microscope, the momentum transferred to the particle by the scattered photon makes the particle’s momentum uncertain. It is shown that momentum is also transferred when the lack of a scattered photon is used to discover that the particle is absent from the field of view of the microscope (i.e., located outside the light beam). This apparent paradox, a transfer of momentum and/or energy to a missing particle by a light beam (without the scattering of a photon), is discussed and ’’resolved’’ using quantum measurement theory.
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October 01 1981
Interaction‐free quantum measurements: A paradox?
Am. J. Phys. 49, 925–930 (1981)
R. H. Dicke; Interaction‐free quantum measurements: A paradox?. Am. J. Phys. 1 October 1981; 49 (10): 925–930. https://doi.org/10.1119/1.12592
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