American institutions were compared as doctorate sources of eminent physicists. Three criteria were used as recognitions of eminence of physics doctorate graduates. These were Fellowship in American Physical Society (1962), membership in the physics division of the National Academy of Science (1948–1960) and the Nobel Award.

It was found that the graduate training of the Fellows of American Physical Society (1962) was widely diffused over a large portion of the institutions granting doctorates in physics. However, a small group of institutions provided the doctorate training for the majority of the Fellows.

Universities were ranked by the percentage of (1930–49) physics doctorates who became Fellows of the American Physical Society in 1962. The top eight institutions were found to be Princeton, Carnegie, Rochester, Indiana, Harvard, Columbia, and Minnesota.

Doctorate granting institutions were also compared as employers of eminent physicists.

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