The originator of the theorem that stable equilibrium is impossible for a particle under inverse-square forces alone is identified as the Rev. Samuel Earnshaw (1805–1888), and the original reference is located [Trans. Cambridge Phil. Soc. 7, 97–114 (1842)].
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PAPERS| September 01 1959
William T. Scott; Who Was Earnshaw?. Am. J. Phys. 1 September 1959; 27 (6): 418–419. https://doi.org/10.1119/1.1934886
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